Experimental research on fundamental properties of permanent magnet force interactions
Are you interested in an open source permanent magnet motor? That is what we are working on.
The paper Towards an overunity permanent magnet motor justifies this project. This page presents an overview and discusses some organizational aspects.
1. Our story
We have been studying and trying to replicate those overunity permanent magnet motors posted on the Internet for a year. Our major focus was on FEM simulation rather than physical replications. We have examined hundreds of various models with different parameters, including those found on the Internet and those we came up with on our own. Every time we came across a model that seemed to show overunity, more thorough tests revealed errors, which is a familiar situation for any researcher.
As a result, we still have not found any operative model despite working full-time for a year. However, this result is important for us and speaks something. Now it is time to review what we have done and to make the right conclusions.
2. Why are there so few overunity permanent magnet motors?
First of all, electromagnetic FEM simulation software is not reliable enough for overunity research. For a short explanation, please see the publication. But nobody can explain it better than Tom Bearden. For example, see http://www.cheniere.org/references/maxwell.htm. Dear researchers of overunity permanent magnet motors, do not waste your time on FEM simulation.
Secondly, as we have recently found out, trying to build a functional motor right from the start was a mistake. It is now clear to us that this problem is too challenging to resolve without a preliminary preparation.
Towards creating an overunity permanent magnet motor, the researcher faces a rare and unusual combination of complicating factors. Without a clear understanding of all these factors, it is impossible to create an operative overunity permanent magnet motor.
Motors of such kind cannot be developed merely intuitively. Do not try to predict the behavior of magnets in an arbitrary case! You will make a mistake in terms of both directions and magnitudes of the forces. Those motors constructed solely based on intuitive considerations have zero chances to be operational. Do not waste your time and money trying to build an overunity permanent magnet motor by intuition.
Moreover, as illustrated in the publication, it is not obvious that certain magnetic systems demonstrate or can demonstrate overunity effects. Without precise instrumental measurements, overunity effects might pass unnoticed, and you will pass by a promising construction.
A mechanical overunity permanent magnet motor (MOPMM) utilizes uncontrollable magnetic fields, and it is the motion of its separate components that alternates the resulting magnetic field during the period of work. That is why MOPMMs impose high requirements on the accuracy of calculation and manufacturing. Even minor defects quickly degrade MOPMM performance and turn an operative MOPMM to a nonoperative.
The fastest way to develop an overunity permanent magnet motor is to synthesize it using accurate calculations, correct and precise data on the fundamental properties and behavior of permanent magnets. The only way to obtain the data is a physical experiment with precise instrumental measurements.
3. Research object suggested
Permanent magnets are of an order of magnitude more complex than that is commonly believed. We actually know nothing about these, as none of the sources or publications available give detailed description of the fundamental properties of permanent magnets. These properties cannot be studied using FEM simulations. The official physics just ignores them. No projects have made a serious attempt to study them.
So, what do we mean by the "fundamental properties" term? First and foremost, we are interested in those properties that could be used for the synthesis of a mechanical overunity permanent magnet motor; or, to be more specific, properties related to the magnet force interactions. Some of the questions we raise are:
- What are the forces that two permanent magnets interact with at different relative positions?
- Is the magnitude of the repulsion force of two North poles always equal to the magnitude of the repulsion force of two South poles?
- Are there conditions under which the magnitude of the attraction force between the opposite poles significantly differs from the magnitude of the repulsion force between the like poles?
- Are the interaction forces between two magnets fixed against each other constant in time? If not, is it possible to measure the fluctuations?
- When one magnet moves about a closed path in the vicinity of another magnet, does the work of the magnetic field forces always equal zero? If not, under what circumstances does the work become negative or positive?
- Which hidden and officially unknown factors influence the interaction force between two magnets?
- How does the interaction of two magnets with a third one affect the interaction between the first and the second ones?
We suggest focusing the first research on the magnetic systems consisting of two or three magnets, thus concentrating on the most basic properties of magnets. We believe that the study of such simplest systems is the most suitable starting point for the overunity permanent magnet motors development.
Trying to create an operational overunity motor with many permanent magnets without an understanding of the simplest magnetic systems is like hoping to win a jackpot – we are highly unlikely to get an operational open source motor this way in the near future. Researchers claiming allegedly operational overunity permanent magnet motors have all spent a number of years on trials and errors, experimenting and tweaking; we can understand their reluctance to open their technologies.
4. You are in a position to change your future
Some researchers might think that the research subject suggested and the questions we have drafted are naive, which is a perfect example of the culture created and fostered by the official academia. But that is the reason why we still know nothing about permanent magnets. However, the issue requires a systematic, funded research. So, who can actually carry it out?
Universities will never fund and conduct the research. National laboratories will never support such a research. No governmental organization will ever fund or conduct such a research, except for the secret labs that successfully studied the subject a long time ago and keep the results secret.
Private companies backed by investors could be capable of it. However, the instant the investors step in, they are interested in a return on their investments. Such companies stick to traditional ways of doing business and try to enter the market with their patented technologies and a complete commercial product. As a result, we will never get any valuable knowledge from such companies (as well as the product).
So, if we are not going to get the required knowledge from private businesses, and it will never be supported by universities, national laboratories, or the government, whom can we rely upon?
The community is to provide the support, because eventually it is the community that will mostly benefit from such initiatives.
Throughout the past year, we have been funding the research ourselves. At the moment, we are out of funds, and the suggested experimental research requires considerable investments.
5. Here is why it will be fun
We are going to rediscover something already discovered. We are to reinvent the wheel to make it available to ourselves. However, if that is the only option left to us, we will eventually do it. Everyone understands this is inevitable, right?
The subject of overunity permanent magnet motors is still not out of the dark times of the Middle Ages. Many current attempts are related to the field of alchemy more than to anything else. Rare operational samples seem to uninitiated people like a magic, and the magicians have never been keen to reveal their secrets. The inquisition acts actively and with impunity, burning the pioneers and their knowledge, and making the crowd ignorant and intimidated.
That is a usual stage of development for any technical field, except that, for this case, it has dragged on.
Systematic experimental research will enable us to accumulate a set of reliable and precise data. This in turn will attract researchers who are able to perform all types of analysis. Permanent magnet features, properties, and laws will be identified. All the successive work will become methodical, well-formalized, and straightforward. We have outlined the first obvious steps with the data in the publication.
The alchemy will eventually turn to a mass-scale engineering routine, so boring and simple that it will no longer attract researchers who would be able to switch to higher-level problems. Thanks to modern technologies, we can complete this in just a few years.
6. What specific product will the project produce?
A large set of data describing permanent magnet force interactions.
Each record will contain the coordinates of all the magnets and the forces measured by the X- and Y-guides.
Each measurement will be taken many times to compare the results.
A report with a detailed description of the experimental stand, measurement methods and errors will be composed.
For each experimental system, we will describe its magnetic system, including the specifications of all the magnets.
7. Magnetic systems to be studied
7.1. Interaction of two magnets along the magnetization direction
7.2. Interaction of two magnets orthogonally to the magnetization direction
7.3. Interaction of two magnets along the magnetization direction with a displacement
7.4. Interaction of two magnets with orthogonally oriented magnetization directions
7.5. Interaction of two magnets placed irregularly
7.6. Interaction of three magnets 1
7.7. Interaction of three magnets 2
8. Experimental setup
The experimental setup consists of two linear translation stages, each of which can translate its movable magnet. The stages and the fixed magnet are fastened with a common stationary base.
The magnets are held by vise clamping fixtures.
The fixed magnet fixture holds the magnet on a positioning stage. The positioning stage allows a subtle adjustment of the magnet’s position relative to the linear stages. The base has two sockets in order to install the positioning stage for different cases – one in the corner and another one under the x-guide.
The x-guide fixture fastens the magnet to the x-guide carriage. The fixture allows the adjustment of the angular inclination of the magnet relative to the horizon.
The y-guide fixture fastens the magnet to the y-guide carriage. The fixture allows the adjustment of the angular inclination of the magnet relative to the horizon.
Both of the load cells work on both compression and tension.
Both linear stages have to be high-precision and allow one to read the current position. The base and the stages need to be made of nonferromagnetic materials, preferably aluminum alloys.
Due to the fact that the load cells contain ferromagnetic materials, and for the reasons of accurate mounting, the cells are carried out at the ends of the positioning stages. The cells receive the strain via the feed screws, and the stages are designed specifically for this.
Two load cells call for either two forcemeters or a single dual-channel one. Should there be enough funds, both positioning stages will be motorized, with a digital electric interface to read the positions, as well as the forcemeters. This makes the measurements most productive, enabling us to program dense meshes of measuring passes.
8.1. Stand specifications
The table below outlines preliminary and rough stand specifications:
|Maximal load on linear guides in any direction (including those at right angles to the motion)||45lb/200N/20kg|
|Linear guide travel (identical for X- and Y-guides)||0..8in/0..0.2m|
|Simultaneous force measurement by X- and Y-guides|
|Nonlinearity of load sensors||Not greater than 0.1%|
|Acquisition of magnets and samples of different sizes using vise fixtures|
|Stand construction made of nonferromagnetic materials|
For more details, please contact us.
- The simplest systems under research may not reveal overunity effects. In this case, we will only have a large set of precise experimental data, a solid understanding of the fundamental properties of permanent magnets, and the test stand for further research. We will also know with confidence that the simplest studied systems do not show overunity and that the search space should be expanded onto more complex systems.
- Any delays or mistakes in the delivery of components may cause project delays. In this case, the research will also be delayed.
10. Costs and timeline
The timeline for the project is 5-6 months:
$7,000 will be allocated to purchase off-the-shelf parts and to manufacture the custom ones. $3,000 is added up for our minimal billing needs throughout the project. All in all, the project investments required are $10,000.
We will try to publish experimental data in logically complete blocks during the course of the project.